(the answer may not be what you expected)
There has now been over 17 years with no measurable atmospheric global warming and a slight cooling in the past 12 years. I will try to give you the answer to the question "is there global cooling?" As you are well aware there is a huge effort around the globe to counter the alleged impact of mankind on the world's climate. If in fact mankind will cause the seas to rise appreciably by causing CO2 induced global warming then certainly let's do something about it. But, what if global warming is not what they say it is? What if the world's temperature is headed in the opposite direction? Global temperatures increased for twenty years from the late 1970s to the late 1990s but have either stopped warming or have begun to cool in the last seventeen years. The global warming and subsequent cooling were even predictable due to hundreds of years of historical trends and observation of the impact of variations in solar activity and ocean cycles on global temperatures.
Did you know that in the past the Roman Period and Medieval Period were both several degrees warmer than today's temperature. The world then cooled at least four degrees from approx. 1450 to 1850. This period was called the Little Ice Age (a period of glacial advance, the same glaciers that have been in retreat until recently). These temperature variations were not caused by man. They were caused entirely by natural forces.
If you wish to really know what is going on with the theory of man made global warming then watch this one hour Uk documentary link
There has been no measurable atmospheric global warming for 17+ years.
RSS satellite data of atmospheric temperatures shows no increase in 17 years link link Temperatures in the past 12 years which include atmospheric and surface stations have actually cooled somewhat. The UN IPCC in damage control mode. link
Total global polar sea ice is largely unchanged over the past 35 years. Antarctic sea ice set records for size in September 2013!!
*When adding the sea ice volumes at both poles there is about the same ice as 30 years ago link, link. The global sea ice in January 2014 was 17,932,000 km², which is the highest ever recorded during January in the satellite era. Antarctica has 90% of the world's ice and had the most sea ice ever recorded in Septermber 2013. link View today's Antarctic sea ice extent compared to the 1979-2007 average (National Snow and Ice Data Center) link link A strong storm in the Arctic during the late Summer of 2012 caused the Arctic ice area to shrink to a record low yet the ice is now expanding at a fast rate. The Berring Sea off Alaska in 2012 had the most ice area ever recorded. link The Antarctic sea ice extent in September 2009 is also growing and is 1 million square kilometers more than the previous year. In September 2013 Antarctica broke another record and had the largest sea ice extent ever recorded link. View today's Arctic sea ice extent, NSIDC link DMI link
View todays Antarctic sea ice extent Univ. Illinois Cyrosphere link
See current ice conditions in the Northern Hemisphere link and the Southern Hemisphere link Water temperature and currents and not air temperature is the largest driver of Arctic ice extent, learn why. Link
Global storms and their energy are in decline
The 2013 Atlantic hurricane season was the second slowest in 30 years, and with no major hurricanes forming, the least since 1994 according to NOAA link
Deaths from severe weather events are in declinelink
*The trend for violent tornadoes is in decline in the U.S. which had the fewest tornadoes ever recorded in 2013. link
Global cyclone activity is at 33 year lows at the end of the 2010 hurricane season. Pacific storms are the fewest since recording began in 1945. link
There have been few hurricanes to reach US shores in the past three years which is highly unusual link The U.S. went over 1,000 days in a row without a single hurricane strike.
Polar Bear populations are of record size.
Study shows Polar Bear populations have not been harmed by a reduction in Arctic ice. link link Some say Polar Bears are threatened but there are more polar bears today than ever recorded, an increase of 300%+ since the 1950s. link link The scientific name for Polar bears is Ursus Maritimus, which means sea bear. Polar Bears are excellent swimmers and can swim 200 miles or more link. A Polar Bear with a radio tracking collar swam over 400 miles in 9 days and without rest link Polar bears have survived periods when the Arctic melted completely in the past (they moved to land). Polar bear face bright future link See why the reduction in Arctic ice has actually had a beneficial impact on Polar Bears. link
Solar energy is in decline. This has led to cooler temperatures in the past
So what has changed? CO2 concentrations continue to increase yet temperatures have been falling since 2002? Polar ice is growing. Storm intensity is in decline. One reason may be that solar activity is at the lowest level in almost a Century. link link link See what the sun looks like with and without sunspots link In the past periods with fewer sunspots and lower solar activity were ones with cooler temperatures. It is believed by some scientists that lower solar activity increases cloud formation and this has a cooling effect. If the past is a predictor of the future, these changes in solar activity will cause a 30 year period of cooling temperatures on earth and in fact it appears that this has already begun. See solar activity charts here link
See the combined impact of ocean and solar cycles on global temperatures link
NASA recently announced that due to the expected multi decade continuation of low solar activity that global temperatures should continue to cool. How much will rising CO2 levels offset this? If the past is a predictor of the future, not much.
Cooling temperatures around the globe
July '12, climate emergency in Argentina due to cold, a dozen freeze to death in Chile. Tasmania has record low temperatures. link August '12 South Africa, snows in all 9 provinces for first time in recorded history link September '12 Antarctic sea ice extent is largest ever recorded for this day, eighth highest record in history. link Antarctica sea ice area is the largest ever recorded on Sept 12, 2012 link
October '12 Earliest snow in Australia in a century. link Record cold grips part of Australia link Surprise October snow hits central Germany. link Heavy snow catches Muscovites unprepared. link For only the second time in recorded history do all the provinces of Austria have snow in October. link
Nov '12 early cold snap kills 14 in Poland. link Hurricane Sandy causes record snowfall in Appalachians. link Three tourists die from cold on Great Wall of China from early snow. link Winter hits early on three continents, global cooling? link Northeast USA has record snowfall. link Record snow around USA link Globe to be seized by record cold, UK faces coldest Winter in 100 years, Arctic sees record refreeze, snow in New Zealand link Connecting the global cooling dots..link
Dec '12 Russians near Moscow trapped for days on highway during snowstorm link, back-up over 125 miles long link UK has coldest Autumn since 1993 link European deep freeze killing hundreds. link Record snow in Norway, signs of global cooling? link Record snow in Minneapolis. Link State of emergency declared in Ukraine due to huge snows, more global cooling? link 37 dead in 24 hours in Ukraine freeze. link Russia faces strongst winter in decades, -50 deg. C temperatures, people freezing to death. link Severe global cooling grips Eastern Europe, over 600 die from cold, state of emergency declared in Siberia. link Dozens die in Polish global cooling snap link -61 deg F in Siberian global cooling link Massive cold front grips Asia. Link North India cold wave kills 25 link Brutally cold Russian winter claims 125 lives, so far. link Coldest Russian Winter in decades, snow up to 16 feet deep. link US has the most snow cover in ten years. link December 2012 had the largest Northern Hemisphere snow cover extent ever recorded. link
January '13 Asia gripped with record cold, hundreds dead. Bangladesh has coldest temperatures since 1960s. link Russia burried under snow link 29 die from cold in Mexico link Bermuda has record daily low temperature. link Over 300 die from brutal cold in Eastern Europe. link
February '13 New England snow could be one for the record books. link German winter temperatures are dropping at a rate of 6 dec C per century. link Alps cooling since 2000 (peer reviewed literature) link Record New England snows link Heaviest snowfall in a Century hits Moscow link Northern Hemisphere has all time low temperature link Japan has worst Winter snow in history. link Last 4 out of 5 Winters were cooler than normal. link Germany has darkest Winter in 43 years. link
March '13 Calcutta has coldest day in 100 years, record low temperatures link Winter 2012-2013 November-February ranked 4th largest for snow in history, #2 for Northern hemisphere, December '12 had most snow ever. link UK in deep freeze, deaths from cold mounting link Arctic sea ice largest in a decade link UK faxes gas rationing as shortages mount with coldest weather in 50 years link UK cold chaos link Second coldest March in USA since 1969 link Berlin has coldest March in 100 years. gripped by cold. link UK coldest Spring since 1963, claims 5,000 lives link Germany coldest Spring onrecord link Germany has late March temp of -33 Deg C, coldest temperature in over 100 years. link Climate models fail to predict brutally cold European temperatures link Thousands of animals burried alive in Ireland by snow drifts. link
April '13 Russian scientists say Earth will cool until 2050 and temperatures will decline 1.5 Deg C. link Baltic sea ice sets record for month of March. link Saskatchewan has coldest Spring in a century. link 40,000 livestock killed by snow in Ireland link
May '13 First May snow in Arkansas ever recorded. link Record snow storm hits midwest link Antarctic sea ice sets all time record ice extent for this day link Ice break up at Nenana Ice Classic in Alaska sets latest date in 97 years of records link Record late snow hits Newfoundland link Northern Hemisphere snow cover sets record for November-April time period link UK headed towards coldest spring in 30 years link Northeast USA gets up to 36 inches of snow during Memorial Day, Syracuse and Binghamton NY have latest snow on record link Geramany has coldest Spring since 1970 link 79% of USA temperatures are below average first five months of 2013 link Alaska has longest snow season on record link Vermont has latest snow since 1897 link
June '13 French ski resort on Spanish border to open in June for first time in history. link Coldest Spring in UK since 1891 link Capetown South Africa, earliest snow in many years causes emergency to be declared link Europeans reacting to cool European summer weather, chance of surface frost in Germany for late June. link 33,000 sheep and cattle stranded in New Zealand deep snow. link
July '13 Extraordinary cold hits southern third of South America link Chinese wheat crops are devistated by cold and wet weather link Heavy snows batter New Zealand link Global cooling sweeps through southern half of South America link First major snow hits Buenos Aires since 1918 link Record low temperatures in Chile link 1,122 record low temperatures recorded in USA link
August '13 68% of the continental USA is below normal temperatures for the first 8 months of 2013 link Arctic sea is volume is 69% larger in 2013 than 2012. link Slowest start to the Atlantic hurricane season on record. link Arctic has coldest summer temperatures ever recorded link Second slowest fire season in the USA, record low number, second lowest burn area, 62% of normal link Peru declares state of emergency due to coldest temperatures in decades, cold weather kills 250,000 alpacas. link Alabama has fifth coolest summer in 131 years, with temperatures 2 degrees F below normal. link Bolivian snowstorm kills 70,000 animals and four people trying to rescue them link Peru climate state of emergency, snow kills ten of thousands of animals and impacts ten of thousands of people link Record low August temperatures in Alaska, 15 def F link
September '13 Global hurriance energy (ACE) is at 25% of normal through early September. No Atlantic hurricanes this year, almost the longest period in history without one. link
October '13 Chile declares state emergency due to 1 billion dollar loss in fruit crop from frost link, 2,200 Argentinian cattle die in snow storm link Huge Dakota snowstorm kills 100,000 cattle link Unexpected early snowfall brings chaos to Bavaria and Switzerland, most snow in 200 years link Hundreds of thousands of acres of crops killed by frost in Australia link Dakota snowstorm said to be the worst one in 150 years link
November '13 2013 Atlantic Hurricane season was the slowest in 30 years and with no major hurricanes forming, the least since 1994 link Over one thousand record low temperatures broken during Thanksgiving in USA global cooling link UK winter forecast is for a very long winter. link Western USA hit by life threatening cold, -40 to -50 degrees F below normal link Snow is falling in Australia even though it is summer there. link Edmonton Canada has lowest temperature ever recorded, -38 deg F. link
December '13 Over 2,000 snow and record cold records broken in USA link Snow falls in Egypt for the first time in 100 years link. Unusual cold weather in Asia, snow in Vietnam, animals freezing in place. Thailand named a disaster area. Unusual cold weather in the Middle East and South America. link German temperatures in 2013 are the second coldest in the last 17 years, temperatures overall are cooling. link Coldest place in USA, International Falls MN, sets new lowest temperature record of -47 deg F, breaks old record by 5 deg. link
January '14 Boston sets snow records link January 2014 Polar ice extent was the largest ever in the satellite era. link Cold grips worldwide, UK and Germany now at 1980s levels link -70 Deg F weather hits midwest USA, record cold in many areas link
The best and most accurate way to measure global temperatures are from satellites that measure atmospheric temperatures. See how atmospheric temperatures have changed since the start of measurement in 1979 link
Though the 2011/12 Winter temperatures were warm in the U.S. global temps were the 11th coolest in 32 years of satelite measurement link
Europe, North America and many other areas of the Earth have recently experienced a score of unusually low temperatures. So where is the global warming that we are preparing for? Does anyone really think global warming causes global cooling?
Is a carbon cap and trade system that would raise hundreds of billions of dollars each year for the government necessary if in fact the slightly warmer temperatures of 1978-1998 were caused by natural forces such as the Sun's increased activity in that period, and that many scientists are now becoming skeptical of the theory of man made global warming (AGW)? link Is the re-engineering of society to reduce CO2 emissions necessary when in the geological history of the planet warming temperatures were never preceeded by rising CO2 levels? Did you know that if this country eliminates 100% of its CO2 emissions China will replace it within in 2 years due to their high growth rate? It appears to me that the man made global warming theory is looking more and more like the Y2K scare of the late 1990s. Perhaps we are seeing a Climate-Industrial Complex.
If you have doubts about the conventional beliefs of global warming and want to learn more please do read on.
*the use of information on this website is unrestricted and can be reproduced without permission.
Geoffrey Pohanka, February 2014
p.s. If you want to see most of the concepts below about global warming in a single film, then watch this documentary link
Addendum to EPA report on climate change Dr. Alen Carlin, important reading. link
U.S. Senate report, over 1,000 scientists come out against the man made global warming theory link
Climate trends in a few slides: link
*For most of the past 10,000 years the earth was warmer than today's temperatures. link
*2000 years of global temperature data, note the current global warming starting in the mid 1700s, well before man started producing much CO2 link
*The warmest year ever recorded in the USA from 1900 until today was 1934 according to NASA link. The coldest, in the mid 1970s, a period when some scientists and most of the press said the earth was heading toward global cooling if not a return of glaciation. link
*In the 1970's many of the same scientists who today say that man is causing global warming, were claiming that man was causing a return of an ice age. link
*Warmest years in USA according to NASA. 1934 1998 1921 1906 1931 1999 1953 1990 1938 1939
*five of the ten warmest years since 1900 were before 1940!
*the warmest decade in the USA was the 1930s link
*US temperatures have only risen .2 degrees F from 1940!
*see how often state's have set temperature records since 1884 link
*24 of the 50 US States had their highest ever recorded temperature in the 1930s link
*Using just the US rural temperature data (not including temperature sensors near urban areas due to the urban heat island affect), today's US rural temperatures are cooler than those of the 1930's. (David Archibald)
*Global temperatures declined from 1945 through 1979, yet his was a period of rapid industrial expansion and increasing CO2 production throughout the world. If CO2 and temperatures are linked, why did temperatures fall? link
*year of continental record high temperatures:
*Global temperatures have declined in five of the last seven decades even though CO2 levels increased throughout this same period.
According to the 351 year temperature record for central England (CET) as maintained by the UK Met Office, England Summer temperatures in the 20th Century were cooler than those of the 18th Century link
*a survey of US weather stations shows that 80% of them are poorly maintained and located and have a warming bias of several degrees due to land use changes. link
*global temperatures mysteriously jumped when nearly 50% of all global weather stations (many in rural areas) stopped recording climate in the early 1990s. link
*global temperatures have not been warming since 2002 and are somewhat cooler link
*earths temperatures are not constant. There were 23 periods of cooling and warming in the past 500 years with the average cycle being 27 years long. There were two cooling and warming periods in the past 100 years alone. 1880-1915 was a period of cooling 1915-1945 was a period of warming 1945-1977 was a period of cooling 1977-1998 was a period of warming 1998-the present, it has been cooling, all related to changes in solar activity and the Pacific El Nino and La Nina cycles link
Global temperatures today are among the coolest in the last 500 million years link
*The yearly average number of sunspots per year from 1991 through 2007 were 1,361, (according to the S.I.D.C.). Through September of 2008, we are one pace for only 56 sunspots for the entire year. Where is the global warming?
*After the Medieval Period the world cooled 4 degrees centigrade, causing the "Little Ice Age". This was a period of glacial advance from the mid 1400's to mid 1800's. Then the world began to warm once again. Many of the glaciers that are now retreating were ones that grew during this "Little Ice Age".
*The fastest global temperature change ever recorded was from 1696 to 1732. Temperatures declined 2.2 degrees centigrade, which is 4 times the rate of temperature change and three times the speed of the .6 degree change in temperature of the hundred years of the 20th Century.
*while it is true that there has been some warming in the northern hemisphere in the last part of the 20th Century the southern hemisphere has shown no increase and has actually been cooling. link
*There has been some global warming in the second half of the 20th century but the temperature peaked in 1998 and it has been cooling since. Four of the five most active solar cycles since the 1600's were in this same period of warming. Active solar cycles historically have caused warming temperatures.
*The winter of 2007-2008 had the most snow cover in North America, Asia, and Siberia in over 60 years.
*China had its worst winter in over 50 years in the winter of 2007-2008 link
*Many areas of the world experienced a harsh winter in 2007-2008. Quite a few had record low temperatures and it snowed in Baghdad the first time in a century (link), and Saudia Arabia experienced the coldest temperatures in 20 years (link)
*CO2 is a trace gas. It is less than 4/100ths of one percent of gases in the atmosphere.
*of the 186 billion tons of CO2 that enters into the atmosphere yearly only 3.2% is from human activity, the rest is from the oceans, volcanoes, and decaying plant matter.
*there was 15 times more CO2 in the atmosphere than today during the Ordovician-Sulurian glaciation, 5 times more during the Cretaceous-Jurassic glaciation, and more also during the Permain glaciation. link
*CO2 levels closely follow temperature link
*CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere have been as much as 25 times what they are today. Current CO2 concentrations are among the lowest in the past billion years. link
*CO2 is a trace gas, it is less than 4/100's of 1% of all gases in the atmosphere. Of the 186 billion tons of CO2 that enters the earth's atmosphere every year only 6 billion tons are from human activity, the rest is from natural causes (decaying vegatation, volcanic activity, and the oceans). Man only contributes 3% of CO2 in the atmosphere. If CO2 truly caused global warming like they say it does there would have been a catastrophe long ago. link
*Antarctic sea ice extent in 2008 exceeded 1979 in ten of eleven months. Average ice extent was over 17% larger than in 1979. Sea ice thickness was also larger.
*While it is true there has been generally less Summer Arctic Sea Ice in the past two decades this loss has been entirely offset by the growth of ice in the Antarctic. When you combine both poles, there has been no net reduction in global ice! link
*The volume of Antarctic ice in 2008 was averaging one million square kilometers more than normal. Summer ice melt was 40% below the average. link
*There is evidence that the Artic sea ice completely melted at least four times before man first walked the earth. Tropical turtle fossils have been found in the Arctic, proving this area was once much warmer than today.
*recent studies have shown that winds have a larger impact on polar ice formation than does temperature. Changes in winds and sea currents at both poles have caused an increase in ice formation, even though there has not been significant temperature variation in this period. link
*The number of hurricanes per year that hit the US 1901-1950 were 1.94, and only 1.41 from 1951-2001, 28% less. The 1901-1950 hurricanes were also more powerful on average. But property damage from coastal storms has increased due to over development, higher population density, and falling land levels such as at Galveston TX, where land has sunk over 4 feet due to settling and fossil fuel extraction. (Patrick Michael) Where is the global warming?
What drives the climate?
The Sun is not a constant star, it has cycles that average about eleven years in length. Solar activity is constantly changing. Sunspots are used to measure solar activity since the early 1600s, they have been observed and counted for hundreds of years. Cooling periods on earth have occurred when there were fewer sun spots. Similarly, the earth has warmed (such as the second half of the 20th Century) when there were more sunspots.
The sun spot average from 1900 to 1949 was 576 annually, and from 1950-1999 it was 876, an increase of 52%.
With the current solar cycle the sun has become less active once again with fewer sunspots, suggesting that the long period of warming has come to an end and a period of cooling is beginning (based on a long historic correlation between solar activity and global temperatures).
Solar magnetic activity, as measured by the AP index, in December 2009 was at the lowest level since recording began in 1932.
Excellent link to astronomy and space sites. link
The sun's influence on cloud formation drives the climate link
Cosmic ray theory said to cause half or all of 20th century warming link
CERN shows solar activity is the primary driver of the global climate link
Svensmark's cosmic ray theory on cloud formation is proven correct by CERN link
NASA, Sun headed into hibernation link
6/23/10 Why is the Sun losing its spots? Suart Clark, PhD link
12/09 NASA, quiet Sun is cooling the upper atmosphere link
David Hathaway of NASA announces current solar cycle 24 is the smallest in the past 200 years link
NASA Goddard suggests solar variation plays a role in our current climate link
9/23/08 NASA warns that solar winds are at the lowest level in recorded history. The Sun's reduced output could cause changes on Earth link
10/1/08 NASA announces that the Sun could have the fewest sunspots in a century. This has led to global cooling in the past. link
NASA, noting changes in solar activity, solar cycle 25 could be the weakest in centuries link
8/09 NASA "changes in the solar cycle have important consequences for the Earth's upper atmosphere link
NASA, solar activity is not constant and is today, at the lowest level in a century link
Russian scientist, Dr. Habibullo Abdussamatov, head of space research at the Pulkova Observatory, predicts a period of global cooling link
Ultra long solar cycle 23 and the possible consequences on global temperatures, Joe D'Aleo. link
What are Sun spots? link
Solar cycle 24. David Archibald link
Impact of solar cycle 23, the longest solar cycle since the late 1700s link
David Archibald presentation on the impact of changing solar activity:
David Archibald. The Impact of a very long solar cycle 24, 25, on global temperatures. link
Dr. Willie Soon, Harvard astrophysicist, sunspot activity correlates to global climate change link
Changes in solar activity have lead to cooling temperatures in the past link
Astrotabletalk. August 2008, the first month without sunspots since 1913 link
Global cooling due to decreased Sun spot activity link
Solar changes and climate. Joe D'Aleo link
Forecasting solar cycles. Joe D'Aleo link
Daily observation of solar activity link
NASA, Solar cycle could be the weakest in centuries link
Causes of global warming and climate change link
New York Times: October 2, 2008 Fewest sunspots since 1954 (points toward global cooling) link
Connection between sunspots and global temperatures is compelling. The CO2 global warming theory is too simplistic link
Climate Skeptic, Warren Meyer
Henrik Svensmark, connection between changing Solar activity, cosmic rays, and low level cloud formation link
Is there scientific consensus in support of man made global warming?
Recent Important Articles
Scientist Charles Monnett is suspended pending an investigation of scientific misconduct with regard to polar bear research link
Impact of ocean temperatures on Arctic ice volumes link
The Important role played by clouds the global warming debate
CO2 can only raise temperatures by 1.2C. Above that it must trigger positive feedback but is this theory plausible?
400,000 years of Vostok ice core samples show that CO2 did not cause temperatures to change in the past
Can the Antarctic and Greenland ice shelves collapse?
Is global warming really all that bad?
Proof of the Medieval Warm period and why the warming was global
Roman Period was warmer than today
Why Micheal Mann's famous hockey stick was discredited
Are the rate of animal extinctions increasing due to man?
Are the NASA GISS global temperature records correct?
Al Gore to benefit financially from CO2 controls.
Problems with Al Gore's"Inconvenient Truth"
Air pollution in the United States has been reduced substantially since 1980
Polar ice, is it melting? links:
Is Greenland's ice melting?
Glaciers can melt due to other reasons than global warming
Polar Bear population is growing and is at or near an all time record size, up to 5 times more bears than the 1950s. Links:
Scientist who claimed Polar Bears are drowning due to ice melt is suspended with accusations of scientific misconduct link
Polar Bears are powerful swimmers
What is Carbon Cap and Trade?
Areclimate forecasting models accurate?
Does changing solar activity impact cloud formation and thus temperature?
Solar activity is driven by the Sun's internal magnetic field
What is the relationship between historical rises in temperature and CO2?
Is global warming killing honeybees?
California brush fires and global warming
How temperatures are collected impacts the data. The decline in rural stations and temperature averaging makes it seem that temperatures are increasing when they are not
Land based temperature sensors encroached by urbanization, give false data about temperature increases.
Are the globe's forests in decline?
Can wind and solar power replace conventional energy systems?
The effect on developing nations with control of CO2
Will CO2 cause the the oceans to become acidic? Will coral reefs be impacted by higher CO2 levels?
How long does CO2 stay in the atmosphere?
Plants grow more quickly with more CO2.
Ocean temperature and climate
Will the oceans rise 20 feet in the 21st Century like Al Gore says it will?
Are the Pacific Islands threatened by sea rise from global warming?
Letter of the Viscount Monckton of Breshley to John McCain, why the global warming theory is falselink
Why isn't the upper atmosphere warming? Links
Is the warming on Venus due to CO2 high concentrations?
If the CO2 warming theory is correct, what is so unnatural and why do we need to change society to deal with it
Will taxes rise with cap and trade legislation? link
Results of UK climategate investagatgion
The impact of CO2. Links:
Changing atmospheric concentrations of CO2 have always followed temperature changes, and not visa-versa. More CO2 is stored in the oceans in cooling periods and more is released to the atmosphere in warming periods
Are global deaths due to storms increasing?
Facts about alternative Energy sources
Global Warming in perspective. Links:
Other climate resource links:
The politics of Climate Change. Misc links:
Sharp Americans are starting to understand H.L. Menckens observation that The urge to save humanity is always a false front for the urge to rule it.